This hit me like a ton of bricks. I’m still feeling a little nauseous after this realization.
Carl Zimmer, an elegant peacock among science writers, delivers this lesson on where bird feathers came from. The shared anatomy between dinosaurs and birds extends beyond the wishbone to their equally functional and extravagant plumage. Recent fossil finds give us hints about the colors and forms that adorned some prehistoric reptiles, from frilly crests to fuzzy proto-wings.
Dinosaurs didn’t take to the air for tens of millions of years after the first feathers showed up, and we don’t yet know exactly how that happened. But we know that the evolution of these delicate, beautiful and functional forms carried some dinosaurs aloft to a higher branch on the tree of life, and from that branch lept the first bird.
(view the full lesson at TED-Ed)
- First off the “stop-motion animation” is simply the art of moving an object frame by frame and taking snap-shots, then running them together so it looks as though the object is moving. Simple.
- Stop-motion not always mean “claymation.” In fact the majority of the most popular stop-motion animated films are not done that way. Claymation simply means animation done with clay. We see this particular technique in the popular Wallace and Gromit by Aardman Studios.
- Films like The Nightmare Before Christmas, Corpse Bride, Coraline, ParaNorman and many more use puppet animation. In simple terms they use something much like a solidified doll with clothing, hair and a structured body to move frame by frame. Simple. Not clay.
- Tim Burton has very little to do with most stop-motion films, though people refuse to believe that. In fact he wasn’t even the director of Tim Burton’s The Nightmare Before Christmas. He simply provided the story and characters. He brought the story, characters and was a co-director of Corpse Bride, a producer on James and the Giant Peach and the director/ creator of the recently released Frankenweenie. That’s all. Nothing else. Aside from his short film Vincent.
- If anything, Henry Selick is the king of eerie stop-motion films. He was the director of the Nightmare Before Christmas, James and the Giant Peach, Coraline, and the up and coming Shadow King. He provided a lot of the artistic style to these films.
- Laika is “the stop-motion studio” now. It created Coraline, ParaNorman and next year The Boxtrolls. It is dedicated to producing stop-motion animated films.
- Laika has roots with Will Vinton Studios, what I mean is they were created when that studio closed down. Will Vinton Studios created many of the early claymation films and more, including The California Raisins. Laika actually owns the word “claymation.”
- MacKinnon and Saunders constructs the puppets for nearly every puppet animation to date, everything from Corpse Bride and Fantastic Mr. Fox to Bob the Builder and those Puffs tissue kids.
- Rankin/Bass films (the classic 60s-80s Christmas specials) are a core in the stop-motion industry and often said to be a source of inspiration for many stop-motion animation directors. Not many people know that they were created in Japan. (more so the 2D films animated by Topcraft which later went on to create Studio Ghibli).
DID YOU MISS KACHINAS??? I DID
THIS TIME WE HAVE SOME DUDES BASED ON: A really bigshot flower kachina (remember how the hummingbirds were all about flowers? This guy just straight up is a flower) and a squash. Seriously he is just a squash! His head! Is a squash!
sigh why are they all so perfect~
ALSO should have added this when I first posted but I am dumb so here’s an ETA: Yo I changed the wording on captions to the other kachina arts! This relates to that “lady paints kachina — GETS CANCER” ask from before.
After I answered that ask the person clarified what they were trying to say, and it was not OOOH EBUL CURSES, it was more like — They were trying to get into my head how seriously Hopi take kachinas. WHICH: I misunderstood obviously. But I wasn’t clear with my intentions for this series either so LEMME TELL YOU:
I am not even going to pretend I’m drawing THE ACTUAL KACHINA. Kachinas sort of - the way I understand, it’s like, if you’re representing them, in a carving/painting/etc, it’s sort of like you’re drawing upon their essence/power/there is probably a better word for it. But you have to nail the representation to not totally ruin everything and be a dick. Obviously I am not well-versed enough in Hopi culture to get them for realsies right. So that’s why I went back and edited things - The hummingbirds, say, are BASED on Tootsas but they are not THE REAL MCCOY because that is a door I don’t even have the key to open. I’m drawing these while I learn, to help me remember, and hopefully encourage you guys to learn more too, but - to word things like “I’m drawing X!” with no qualifier and act as if that’s just as legit as an actual kachina dancer, or an actual ceremonial doll… It’s no bueno and belittles something I’m trying to celebrate.
Think of them as drawings off a live model. They might look similar to that model but a drawing is still not a substitute for the living, speaking person. It was flip of me not to make that distinction in the first place and I’m sorry for that.
I want to thank the original asker for coming back and dropping that knowledge on me because without them I would not have known. They are a champ. Tumblr, this is why we don’t treat every interaction like a contest, you might end up learning something if you take the time to talk through your misunderstandings.
this is just delicious