Did you guys know that carrots are actually bad for rabbits? They’re too high in sugar and can lead to tooth decay and other serious health defects in our furry little friends. So why did Bugs Bunny eat them all the time? Because of Clark Gable, that’s why.
The reference might not seem so obvious to us know, but when Bugs first appeared in theaters over seventy years ago the audience immediately understood that when Bugs ate a carrot and talked with his mouth full; he was parodying Clark Cable in Frank Capra’s It Happened One Night (1934).
It turns out that, according to Friz Freleng’s unpublished memoirs, that It Happened One Night was one the animators favorite films and that at least three characteristics of Bugs Bunny are based on the film. Besides Clark Gable inspiring Bugs’ carrot addiction; his personality was based on Oscar Shapely, a minor character in the film who consistently referred to Gable as Doc. Not only that, the famous Rabbit was named after Bugs Dooley; an imaginary character mentioned in the film.
Sure, It Happened One Night is considered to be one the best romantic comedies of all time, and it might have been directed by Frank Capra, who’s arguably the greatest American film director ever; but this might be one of those rare cases where the parody has outlived the original reference.
As we expect more from technology, do we expect less from each other? Sherry Turkle studies how our devices and online personas are redefining human connection and communication — and asks us to think deeply about the new kinds of connection we want to have.
How dog breeders have “improved” breeds over the past 100 years.
- The basset hound never used to sit so low. The dog has suffered changes to his rear leg structure, has excessive skin, vertebrae problems, droopy eyes that are prone to ectropion and entropion, and excessively large ears.
- The bull terrier used to be an athletic dog, but over the years his snout was mutated to be oversized and bending downwards, leading to respiratory issues. Many bull terriers have supernumerary teeth and are compulsive tail chasers and air biters owing to brain deformities.
- The boxer now has a much shorter face with an extremely short snout. The hindquarters are also lower. Like all brachycephalic dogs, the boxer has difficulty controlling his temperature in hot weather, meaning they are prone to overheating and collapsing in the summer. The boxer also has one of the highest cancer rates among dog breeds and many modern day boxers suffer from seizures.
- The english bulldog has evolved into a creature that suffers from almost every known disease. A kennel club survey conducted in 2004 found that they die on average at only 6 years and 4 months old. They cannot mate without human intervention, and cannot give birth naturally due to their giant heads. There is no such thing as a truly healthy bulldog.
- The dachshund, at one time, used to have functional legs and necks for their size. Their backs and legs have gotten longer, chest jutted forward, and legs have shrunk to such proportions that there is barely any clearance between their chest and the floor. Obese dachshunds usually have to actually drag their bellies across the ground. Their risk for intervertebral disc disease - which can result in paralysis - is extremely high. They are also prone to achrondoplastic related pathologies, progressive retinal apathy, and problems with their legs and joints.
- Pugs are the most inbred breed of dog in existence - an investigation carried out found that amongst the 10,000 pugs found in the UK are so inbred, the gene pool consists of the equivalent of only 50 individuals. They are extremely brachycephalic, and suffer severely from all the associated problems - the folds in their face frequently get infected, they struggle to breathe (making snoring/snorting/huffing noises even without moving), they have high blood pressure, low oxygenation, often collapse and die in the summer or if allowed to overheat, dentition problems due to their skulls being so curled in, and perhaps most shocking - their double curled tail is actually a genetic defect, and in its most serious forms leads to paralysis and many dogs needed a wheelchair or being euthanised if this progresses. These dogs are usually culled if they fail to produce this ‘attractive’ trait.
Healthy puppies that do not succumb to these ridiculous modern day breed standards are usually culled. One very heartbreaking example is the rhodesian ridgeback. The ridge is actually a genetic deformity - a mild form of spinal bifida - and puppies born without this ridge are healthy - but since the ridge is their namesake, healthy puppies are normally culled at birth and only those with noticeable ridges are bred from, thus passing the disability down to future dogs. Below is a ridgeback alongside a healthy, ridgeless dog.
3 to 4 million dogs and cats are killed every year because shelters are too full…. people are choosing to buy from breeders or shops instead of offering them a home.
Homeless animals outnumber homeless people by 5:1.
Only 1 in 10 dogs will ever find a permanent home.
25 PER CENT OF DOGS THAT ENTER SHELTERS ARE PUREBREEDS.
Please consider adopting a homeless dog. Please don’t encourage breeding these animals when there are so many being killed every year. Breeding is a profit, not “just” a hobby, and even if you think your breeder is reputable, they are still churning out puppies into a world where pets are seen as disposable.
Fuck breeders. All about money. Meanwhile, the dogs that are constantly bred suffer extreme health problems, while all the dogs that are left at the shelters are killed because no one adopted them.
this is so sad LET ME ADOPT ALL OF THE DOGS.
This is one of my unpopular opinions. I believe all (or at least most) pedigree dog breeding should be banned.
But I normally don’t talk about it cause people are very attached to their fav breeds and I understand how adorable a lot of them are (like pugs).
But everything here is 100% true. I honestly believe pedigree dog breeding is animal abuse.
If you don’t believe me watch this documentary Pedigree Dogs Exposed.
Edit: the film is very sad and can be hard to watch.
Just finished watching the documentary and oh my god, “hard to watch” is no joke
This hit me like a ton of bricks. I’m still feeling a little nauseous after this realization.
Carl Zimmer, an elegant peacock among science writers, delivers this lesson on where bird feathers came from. The shared anatomy between dinosaurs and birds extends beyond the wishbone to their equally functional and extravagant plumage. Recent fossil finds give us hints about the colors and forms that adorned some prehistoric reptiles, from frilly crests to fuzzy proto-wings.
Dinosaurs didn’t take to the air for tens of millions of years after the first feathers showed up, and we don’t yet know exactly how that happened. But we know that the evolution of these delicate, beautiful and functional forms carried some dinosaurs aloft to a higher branch on the tree of life, and from that branch lept the first bird.
(view the full lesson at TED-Ed)
- First off the “stop-motion animation” is simply the art of moving an object frame by frame and taking snap-shots, then running them together so it looks as though the object is moving. Simple.
- Stop-motion not always mean “claymation.” In fact the majority of the most popular stop-motion animated films are not done that way. Claymation simply means animation done with clay. We see this particular technique in the popular Wallace and Gromit by Aardman Studios.
- Films like The Nightmare Before Christmas, Corpse Bride, Coraline, ParaNorman and many more use puppet animation. In simple terms they use something much like a solidified doll with clothing, hair and a structured body to move frame by frame. Simple. Not clay.
- Tim Burton has very little to do with most stop-motion films, though people refuse to believe that. In fact he wasn’t even the director of Tim Burton’s The Nightmare Before Christmas. He simply provided the story and characters. He brought the story, characters and was a co-director of Corpse Bride, a producer on James and the Giant Peach and the director/ creator of the recently released Frankenweenie. That’s all. Nothing else. Aside from his short film Vincent.
- If anything, Henry Selick is the king of eerie stop-motion films. He was the director of the Nightmare Before Christmas, James and the Giant Peach, Coraline, and the up and coming Shadow King. He provided a lot of the artistic style to these films.
- Laika is “the stop-motion studio” now. It created Coraline, ParaNorman and next year The Boxtrolls. It is dedicated to producing stop-motion animated films.
- Laika has roots with Will Vinton Studios, what I mean is they were created when that studio closed down. Will Vinton Studios created many of the early claymation films and more, including The California Raisins. Laika actually owns the word “claymation.”
- MacKinnon and Saunders constructs the puppets for nearly every puppet animation to date, everything from Corpse Bride and Fantastic Mr. Fox to Bob the Builder and those Puffs tissue kids.
- Rankin/Bass films (the classic 60s-80s Christmas specials) are a core in the stop-motion industry and often said to be a source of inspiration for many stop-motion animation directors. Not many people know that they were created in Japan. (more so the 2D films animated by Topcraft which later went on to create Studio Ghibli).